Noun Top 10 Rules Part 2
Hey Aspirants, We know English section is a bottleneck for many aspirants and because of this weakness they did not able to crack the competitive exams like BANK PO/Clerk, SBI PO/ Clerk, SSC CGL/ CHSL etc. So from today, we are providing lectures on English Grammar in Text Format. This is the second part of this series and it is based on Noun Top 10 Rules. Study it carefully-
Let’s Discuss about Possessive Case
The possessive case of Noun denotes possession, ownership, authorship or origin. We show the possession just by adding an apostrophe ( ‘ ) to a Noun (indefinite pronouns ).
There are some common practices about how is possessive case formed? Let’s check them out:
a) We can make a singular noun in a possessive case just by adding an apostrophe (‘) and “s” at the end.
- Ex- Ram’s, Mohan’s etc.
b) If a Proper Noun (singular) is ending in “s” then you can just add an apostrophe (‘) to show possession but it is also true if you are adding an apostrophe and “s”. (Generally, we ignore adding “s” just to avoid too much hissing. )
- Ex- James’ pen or James’s pen.
c) If there is a plural Noun or Plural Proper Noun that ends in “s” then we only use an apostrophe (‘) to show possession.
- Boys’ / Girls’ High School.
d) If there is a plural Noun that does not end in “s” then we use an apostrophe (‘) + “s” to show possession.
- This is not Children’s play.
Let’s Discuss about Noun in Apposition
When two noun or noun phrases are placed side by side and one noun describes about another ( means they refer the same person or thing ) then we call this Apposition.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India died in 1964.
- Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, the scientist has written Wings of Fire.
- Rabindranath Tagore, Gurudev was the first Asian to win Nobel Prize.
When two or more nouns showing joint possession/ownership then we should use possessive sign ( Apostrophe ) to the latter noun only.
- I want to read APJ Abdul Kalam’s, the scientist’s Autobiography. (Incorrect)
- I want to read APJ Abdul Kalam, the scientist’s Autobiography. (correct)
- Rahul is a brother of Rekha and here comes Rahul’s and Rekha’s Father. (Incorrect)
- Rahul is a brother of Rekha and here comes Rahul and Rekha’s Father. (correct)
But if two or more nouns showing separate possession/ownership then we should use possessive sign ( Apostrophe ) to each noun.
- In this Exhibition, we will see Picasso and Leonardo da Vinci’s paintings.(Incorrect)
- In this Exhibition, we will see Picasso’s and Leonardo da Vinci’s paintings.(correct)
We use possessive case with the name of living things and generally, we don’t use it with non-living things ( but there are exceptions)
- The table’s leg is broken.( Incorrect)
- The leg of the table is broken.(correct)
- My car’s windshield is shattered.( Incorrect)
- The windshield of the car is shattered.(correct)
Exception: We use possessive case with non-living things only
- when they are personified.
- When It denotes Time, Space or Weight/value.
1.Sitting in nature’s lap, enjoying the little pleasures of life.
2.I have to go Delhi for a day’s work.
3.Delhi’s atmosphere is now becoming dangerous day by day.
4.Four month’s wages.
Exception: We use possessive case with celestial objects like The Sun, the Moon, The Earth etc.
- I was mesmerized after seeing the moon’s beauty.
Some more Exceptions: We should consider these possessive phrases
- At his wit’s end.
- At his finger’s end.
- For mercy’s sake.
- For justice’s sake.
- At duty’s call.
- A court’s order.
- At stone’s throw. ( it is also indicating space)
We don’t use an apostrophe with possessive pronouns i.e. ours, yours, his, her, theirs.
- This book is yours.
- Yours sincerely / Faithfully.
We use an apostrophe ( possessive sign) to the last word when the noun consists of many words or it is the plural compound noun.
- The Prime Minister’s of India consent is important in this partnership.
- The Prime Minister of India’s consent is important in this partnership.
- This is my son-in-law’s house.
We use an apostrophe ( possessive sign) with indefinite pronouns to show possession.
- Everyone’s responsibility.
- Nobody’s concern.
- Somebody’s car.
We don’t use a double apostrophe ( possessive sign). Use ‘of’ for second apostrophe.
He is Pawan’s friend’s father.
He is the father of Pawan’s friend.
If you have any problem or did not understand any rule or example then you can watch this video where it was explained thoroughly and in Hindi
Here are some useful link
Noun Top 10 Rules Part 1: Click Here
Video on Noun TOP 10 Rules: Click Here